Radioimmunoassay of factor V in human plasma and platelets

Blood. 1982 Jul;60(1):59-63.


Homogeneous, single-chain human factor V was used to develop a double antibody competition radioimmunoassay to measure factor V concentrations in plasma and platelets. Standard curves were constructed that allow for the detection of as little as 20 ng factor V/ml of plasma. Normal factor V concentrations range from 4 to 14 micrograms/ml of plasma with an average value of 7.0 +/- 2.0 micrograms/ml (n = 64). No correlation was observed between antigen levels and age or sex. The radioimmunoassay data are consistent with factor V clotting assays, providing freshly drawn plasma is used in the bioassay. Radioimmunoassay of washed platelets indicate that 0.63-1.93 microgram of factor V is present per 2.5 X 10(8) platelets (4612-14128 molecules of the factor V platelet). When normalized to individual hematocrits and platelet count, the data indicated that platelets contribute approximately 18%-25% of the factor V found in whole blood. In addition, two individuals with functionally deficient factor V were examined and found to be deficient in both antigen and activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Blood Platelets / analysis*
  • Factor V / analysis*
  • Factor V / standards
  • Factor V Deficiency / blood*
  • Factor V Deficiency / immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perissodactyla
  • Plasma / analysis*
  • Radioimmunoassay


  • Factor V