Phase image characterization of ventricular contraction in left and right bundle branch block

Am J Cardiol. 1982 Jul;50(1):95-105. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(82)90014-5.


The phase image is a computer-derived functional image, based on the analysis of the time versus radioactivity curve in each pixel location of the multiple gated blood pool scintigram. Within the ventricular regions of interest, the phase angle is roughly equivalent to the time of onset of counts reduction or to the time of onset of ventricular contraction and is expressed in degrees from 0 to 360 degrees. A gray scale-coded image of such a regional phase angle, the phase image, can be looked on as a map of sequential contraction. This method was applied in 33 patients without severe contraction abnormality including 16 patients with normal conduction, 9 with right bundle branch block and 8 with left bundle branch block. In patients with normal conduction the pattern of phase angle distribution, representing the pattern of ventricular contraction, was homogeneous and symmetric in both the left and right ventricles. Analysis in this normal group indicated a slight but significant difference between the mean (+/- standard deviation) phase angle of the left ventricle (8.5 +/- 11.8 degrees) and that of the right ventricle (13.6 +/0 12.9 degrees, p = 0.01). There was a slight, but nonsignificant difference between mean intrapatient left and right ventricular phase angle onset (1.9 +/- 6.5 degrees). The mean phase angle of the right ventricle in patients with right bundle branch block (27.6 +/- 14.2 degrees) and of the left ventricle in those with left bundle branch block (21.9 +/- 14.0 degrees) was delayed compared with that in patients with normal conduction (p less than 0.05 for both). The mean intrapatient difference between left and right ventricular mean phase angles in patients with normal conduction (-5.2 +/- 6.8 degrees) was significantly different from that in patients with right (-21.8 +/- 10.3 degrees, p less than 0.001) or left (21.8 +/- 6.8 degrees, p less than 0.001) bundle branch block. The mean intrapatient difference between onset of left and right ventricular phase angles was also significantly different from normal in patients with right (-10.6 +/- 7.5 degrees, p less than 0.005) or left (18.7 +/- 8.3 degrees, p = 0.01) bundle branch block. Although phase imaging is not without artifactual error, this study demonstrates that the phase image can characterize familiar conduction abnormalities. It presents the potential for application as a general noninvasive tool in the investigation of the timing and sequence of ventricular contraction in patients with normal or abnormal ventricular activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bundle-Branch Block / diagnostic imaging*
  • Bundle-Branch Block / physiopathology
  • Computers*
  • Female
  • Heart Conduction System / physiopathology
  • Heart Septum / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction*
  • Radionuclide Imaging