Tuberculosis and lung cancer risk in nonsmoking women

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1982 Jun;125(6):776-8. doi: 10.1164/arrd.1982.125.6.776.


We ascertained prior pulmonary tuberculosis infection in 211 non-Caucasian female lung cancer patients and 419 sex, race, ape, smoking history and birthplace-matched control subjects by searching the Hawaii State Tuberculosis Branch patient records. Among never-smokers we found a significant increase in risk associated with prior tuberculous infection (odds ratio, 8.2; 95% confidence limits = 1.3 to 54.4). No such association was found among smokers. Prior tuberculous infection was identified in only 5.5% of never-smoking lung cancer patients, however, suggesting that this factor is a relatively unimportant contributor to the etiologic aspects of lung cancer in persons who have never smoked.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • China / ethnology
  • Female
  • Hawaii
  • Humans
  • Japan / ethnology
  • Lung Neoplasms / complications
  • Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Risk
  • Smoking*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications*