Oculomotor biofeedback therapy for exotropia

Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1982 Apr;59(4):306-17. doi: 10.1097/00006324-198204000-00004.


Twelve exotropes of various types received oculomotor biofeedback therapy at State College of New York (SUNY) University Optometric Center. Feedback of a variable pitch tone which reflected changes in ocular vergence reinforced motor control of eye posture. Patients were trained to achieve and sustain alignment in a variety of viewing situations. The six intermittent exotropes in the study who did not have amblyopia or prior history of unsuccessful surgical or orthoptic therapy achieved the highest recovery rating after training. The amblyope and those who had orthoptic training learned to voluntarily correct their eye position, although they did not achieve as acute a sensitivity to loss of alignment as did the others. Therapy restored eye control at near in a young constant exotrope whose condition resulted from severe neurological dysfunction. A constant postsurgical exotrope who had no ability for sensory fusion made little progress. Advantages of oculomotor biofeedback therapy are shorter treatment time, elimination of lengthy home training exercises, and enhanced patient motivation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amblyopia / complications
  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Brain Diseases / complications
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Orthoptics / instrumentation
  • Orthoptics / methods*
  • Strabismus / complications
  • Strabismus / therapy*