The major urinary proteins (MUPs) of mouse are a family of at least three major proteins which are synthesized in the liver of all strains of mice. The relative levels of synthesis of these proteins with respect to each other in the presence of testosterone is regulated by the Mup-a locus located on chromosome 4. In an effort to determine the mechanism of this regulation in molecular terms, a cDNA clone containing most of the coding region of a MUP protein has been isolated and identified by partial DNA sequence analysis. Using a combination of hybridization analysis and somatic cell genetics, the structural gene family has been unambiguously mapped to mouse chromosome 4. These data suggest that Mup-a regulation operates in a cis fashion and that models proposing trans regulation of MUP protein synthesis are unlikely.