Defective vision among Kuwaiti students

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. May-Jun 1982;19(3):146-51. doi: 10.3928/0191-3913-19820501-08.

Abstract

A study, which was intended to find out the main causes of defective vision among Kuwaiti students, yielded the following results: The percentage of defective vision among 139,769 Kuwaiti students is 0.099%. Hereditary and genetic causes are responsible for 75.5% of the cases. Recessive inheritance account for 36.2% Autosomal dominant account for 34.3% Sex linked 9.5% Multifactorial 20.0% Forty-nine cases (of the total number of hereditary and genetic cases), i.e., 46.7% are the product of consanguineous marriages. Inflammatory causes account for 20.9%. The most common cause is neglected cases of muco-purulent and purulent conjunctivitis, becoming corneal ulcers and ensuing complications. This accounts for 62.1% of the total number of inflammatory causes. Traumatic, metabolic, and neoplastic causes account for 3.6%. Comparative data between England and Wales, Australia, Cyprus and Lebanon together with recommendations for improvement are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blindness / genetics
  • Child
  • Conjunctivitis / complications
  • Female
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Humans
  • Kuwait
  • Male
  • Sex Chromosomes
  • Uveitis / complications
  • Vision Disorders / epidemiology
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*
  • Vision Disorders / genetics