We measured the spatial frequency contrast sensitivity of cells in the primate striate cortex at two different eccentricities to provide quantitative statistics from a large population of cells. Distributions of the peak frequencies and bandwidths are presented and examined in relationship to (a) each other, (b) absolute contrast sensitivity, (c) orientation tuning, (d)retinal eccentricity, and (e) cell type. Simple and complex cells are examined in relationship to linear/nonlinear (that is, X/Y) properties; a procedure is described which provides a simple, reliable and quantitative method for classifying and describing striate cells. Among other things, it is shown that (a) many stirate cells have quite narrow spatial bandwidths and (b) at a given retinal eccentricity, the distribution of peak frequency covers a wide range of frequencies; these findings support the basic multiple channel notion. The orientation tuning and spatial frequency tuning which occurs at the level of striate cortex (in a positively correlated fashion) suggests that the cells might best be considered as two-dimensional spatial filters.