Division of the mouse gastric mucosa into zymogenic and mucous regions on the basis of gland features

Am J Anat. 1982 Jul;164(3):187-207. doi: 10.1002/aja.1001640302.


The stomachs of adult CD1 mice were investigated by anatomical examination and light microscopy. Serial sections were prepared of entire stomachs; the various types of gastric glands were characterized; and, using every 30th or 60th serial section, maps of gland distribution were obtained through point-plotting serial reconstruction. Gross examination shows that the cephalic third of the stomach consists of a thin-walled, domelike structure, the forestomach. The rest of the organ, or stomach proper, is subdivided into two parts, the thick-walled corpus, which approximately occupies the middle third, and the less vascular pyloric antrum which forms the remaining caudal third of the organ. Histologically, glands are absent from the forestomach mucosa but are numerous throughout the stomach proper. They are of two main types, namely, zymogenic glands, which contain, among others, zymogenic cells, and mucous glands, which lack these cells but contain mucous cells. Both gland types show a few enteroendocrine cells. Moreover, some of the mucous glands include parietal cells (mucoparietal glands), while others do not (pure mucous glands). Mucosal maps reveal that the glands of each type are located in distinct areas of the mucosa. Thus a compact zymogenic region may be defined, occupying 56% of the glandular mucosa and containing only zymogenic glands. The mucous region, on the other hand, composed only of mucous glands, is extensive and divided into a narrow cephalic band (5.2% of the glandular mucosa) and a large caudal part (38.8%). Along the lesser curvature these parts are continuous, and together they encapsulate the zymogenic region. In proximity to the border of this region, and only there, do the mucous glands include parietal cells. A comparison of mucosal maps and gross features indicates that the corpus includes both the zymogenic region and the cephalic band of mucous glands, whereas the antrum is composed entirely of the mucous glands of the caudal part.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Exocrine Glands / anatomy & histology*
  • Exocrine Glands / cytology
  • Fermentation*
  • Gastric Mucosa / anatomy & histology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Mucus / metabolism*