The medial tibial stress syndrome. A cause of shin splints

Am J Sports Med. 1982 Jul-Aug;10(4):201-5. doi: 10.1177/036354658201000402.


The medial tibial stress syndrome is a symptom complex seen in athletes who complain of exercise-induced pain along the distal posterior-medial aspect of the tibia. Intramuscular pressures within the posterior compartments of the leg were measured in 12 patients with this disorder. These pressures were not elevated and therefore this syndrome is a not a compartment syndrome. Available information suggests that the medial tibial stress syndrome most likely represents a periostitis at this location of the leg.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anterior Compartment Syndrome / classification
  • Anterior Compartment Syndrome / complications*
  • Athletic Injuries* / therapy
  • Compartment Syndromes / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tibia*