Utilization of phthalate esters by micrococci

Arch Microbiol. 1982 Aug;132(2):185-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00508728.


Several strains of Micrococcus have been isolated by enrichment with one of several phthalate esters as sole carbon source. They have been separated into four groups by their esterase content and nutritional characteristics. The catabolic potential for phthalate utilization found in these strains provides further support for designation of the four groups. Pathways for phthalate utilization by 4,5-dihydroxyphthalate and/or 3,4-dihydroxyphthalate and protocatechuate and/or 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate are outlined, which suggests that micrococci possess substantial potential for the catabolism of aromatic compounds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Hydroxybenzoates / metabolism
  • Micrococcus / metabolism*
  • Phthalic Acids / metabolism*


  • Hydroxybenzoates
  • Phthalic Acids
  • protocatechuic acid
  • 4,5-dihydroxyphthalic acid
  • 3,4-dihydroxyphthalic acid