Metabolic balance studies and dietary protein requirements in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

Kidney Int. 1982 Jun;21(6):849-61. doi: 10.1038/ki.1982.109.


Balance studies for nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium were carried out in eight men undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) to determine dietary protein requirements and mineral balances. Patients were fed high energy diets for 14 to 33 days which provided either 0.98 (seven studies) or 1.44 g (six studies) of primarily high biological value protein/kg body wt/day. Mean nitrogen balance was neutral with the lower protein diet (+0.35 +/- 0.83 SEM g/day) and strongly positive with the higher protein diet (+2.94 +/- 0.54 g/day). With the higher protein diet the balances for potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus were strikingly positive, there was an increase in body weight in all patients, and a rise in mid-arm muscle circumference in five of the six patients. The relation between protein intake and nitrogen balance suggests that the daily protein requirement for clinically stable CAPD patients should be at least 1.1 g/kg/day; to account for variability among subjects 1.2 to 1.3 g protein/kg/day is probably preferable. Potassium balance correlated directly with nitrogen balance (r = 0.81). High fecal potassium losses (19 +/- 1.2 mEq/day) in all patients probably helped maintain normal serum potassium concentrations. Mean serum magnesium was increased (3.1 +/- 0.1 mg/dl), and magnesium balances were positive suggesting that the dialysate magnesium of 1.85 mg/dl is excessive. The net gain of calcium from dialysate was 84 +/- 18 mg/day; this correlated inversely with serum calcium levels (r = -0.90).

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / metabolism*
  • Elements / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / metabolism*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Magnesium / metabolism
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitrogen / metabolism*
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Peritoneal Dialysis*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
  • Phosphorus / metabolism
  • Potassium / metabolism


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Elements
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Nitrogen
  • Potassium
  • Calcium