Coeliac disease, fertility, and pregnancy

Scand J Gastroenterol. 1982 Jan;17(1):65-8. doi: 10.3109/00365528209181045.


The effect of coeliac disease and its treatment on fertility and pregnancy in 74 patients is reported. Those on a normal diet had a shorter reproductive period, were relatively infertile, and had a higher incidence of spontaneous abortions than those on a gluten-free diet. Although maternal health did not appear to be seriously impaired by pregnancy in undiagnosed coeliacs, those on a gluten-free diet had significantly fewer symptoms and had heavier babies.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / etiology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Birth Weight
  • Celiac Disease / complications*
  • Celiac Disease / diet therapy
  • Female
  • Fertility*
  • Glutens
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Menarche
  • Menopause
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications*


  • Glutens