Human melanoma cells can be killed in vitro by an immunotoxin specific for melanoma-associated antigen p97

Int J Cancer. 1982 Oct 15;30(4):437-43. doi: 10.1002/ijc.2910300410.

Abstract

Conjugates (immunotoxins) comprising ricin A-chain and monoclonal antibody 96.5, which is specific for human melanoma-associated antigen p97, inhibited protein synthesis and colony formation of cultured human melanoma cells that expressed more than 80,000 molecules of p97 per cell. Cells expressing fewer than 5,000 molecules of p97 were not killed. The presence of 10 mM ammonium chloride significantly increased the efficiency of the immunotoxin, tumor cells expressing high levels of p97 being killed at immunotoxin concentrations as low as 10(-10) M.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Neoplasm / immunology*
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
  • Fibroblasts / immunology
  • Humans
  • Melanoma / immunology*
  • Melanoma / physiopathology
  • Melanoma-Specific Antigens
  • Neoplasm Proteins / immunology*
  • Protein Biosynthesis

Substances

  • Antibodies, Neoplasm
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Melanoma-Specific Antigens
  • Neoplasm Proteins