Thirty-five patients, 29 men and 6 women, underwent pulmonary and chest wall resection for treatment of bronchogenic cancer which had extended into the chest wall. Anterior chest wall resection was performed in 6 patients, lateral resection in 2, and posterior resection in 27. Marlex mesh was employed as a prosthetic material in 13 patients. Radiotherapy was given as part of the planned therapeutic regimen in 13 patients. Three patients (8.5%) died in the postoperative period. There was 21 late deaths. Eleven patients are alive 7 months to 12 years after resection. The overall actuarial survival, including operative mortality, is 38% at 5 years. Actuarial survival of the 13 irradiated patients is 56% at 2 and 5 years. We believe that bronchogenic carcinoma with chest wall involvement is not hopeless, and that resection of the lung and chest wall can be performed with an acceptable mortality rate.