Mechanism of action of butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase: reactions with acetylenic, olefinic, and fluorinated substrate analogues

Biochemistry. 1982 Dec 21;21(26):6685-95. doi: 10.1021/bi00269a011.

Abstract

The acetylenic thio ester (3-pentynoyl)pantetheine irreversibly inactivates butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase from Megasphaera elsdenii. The inactivator becomes covalently attached to the protein (0.61 +/- 0.1 mol of 14C-labeled inactivator/mol of enzyme flavin). No modification of the flavin cofactor is seen. The covalent enzyme-inactivator adduct is labile toward base and neutral hydroxylamine. These treatments release 85 +/- 5% of the incorporated 14C label from the protein. Base-catalyzed hydrolysis of the adduct releases 3-oxopentanoic acid (0.6 mol/mol of incorporated inactivator). Treatment with hydroxylamine leads to formation of a hydroxamic acid on the protein (0.64 +/- 0.09 mol/mol of incorporated inactivator). The covalent adduct can be reduced with sodium borohydride with release of 1,3-pentanediol. Hydrolysis of the protein with 6 N HCl after sodium borohydride reduction yields 2-amino-5-hydroxyvaleric acid and proline. We conclude that the inactivator has reacted with the gamma-carboxyl group of a glutamate residue at the enzyme active site. The inactivation proceeds through enzyme-catalyzed rearrangement of the acetylene to an allene, followed by nucleophilic addition of the carboxyl group to the allene. (3-Chloro-3-butenoyl)pantetheine irreversibly inactivates the enzyme in a fashion similar to the acetylenic thio ester and also modifies a glutamate residue. Butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase catalyzes the isomerization of (3-butenoyl)pantetheine to (2-butenoyl)pantetheine. The enzyme catalyzes the elimination of HF from 3-fluoropropionyl-CoA and (3,3-difluorobutyryl)pantetheine. We suggest, that these results together support an oxidation mechanism for butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase which is initiated by alpha-proton abstraction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Butyryl-CoA Dehydrogenase
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Electrophoresis, Paper
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases / metabolism*
  • Fluorides / metabolism
  • Pantetheine / analogs & derivatives
  • Pantetheine / metabolism

Substances

  • 3-butynoylpantetheine
  • Pantetheine
  • 3-pentynoylpantetheine
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases
  • Butyryl-CoA Dehydrogenase
  • Fluorides