Steroid treatment of pseudo-croup

Helv Paediatr Acta. 1982;37(5):431-6.


In a randomized, controlled investigation, 349 children with pseudo-croup stage I or II were given 6 mg of dexamethasone or placebo. Although the rate of recovery was similar in both groups, there was a significant difference when only the more seriously affected children were considered: steroid treated patients recovered quicker. Steroids appear to be useful in the routine treatment of simple, uncomplicated pseudo-croup, even if their effect apparently is not very impressive. Thus, close supervision remains the most important measure in this nearly always benign but potentially dangerous condition.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Croup / drug therapy*
  • Dexamethasone / therapeutic use*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Laryngitis / drug therapy*
  • Random Allocation


  • Dexamethasone