Partial purification and characterization of an inhibitor from newborn-rat epidermis with activity against the proteinase of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae

Biochem J. 1982 Dec 1;207(3):479-84. doi: 10.1042/bj2070479.

Abstract

The penetration of cercariae through the skin initiates infection of the host with the human trematode parasite Schistosoma mansoni. Many larvae fail to migrate into the living epidermal cell layer. In order to determine if chemical as well as mechanical barriers to cercarial skin penetration exist, inhibitory activity of epidermal cell extracts against the proteinase obtained from cercarial secretions was assayed. An inhibitor was purified 50-fold by gel filtration on Sephadex G 75 and cation exchange chromatography at pH 5.8 and 4.9. The inhibitor has a relative molecular mass (Mr) of approx. 40 000-53 000. Oxidation of the inhibitor with N-chlorosuccinimide eliminated its inhibitory activity and thus indicated a critical methionine residue. The inhibitor was active against a wide spectrum of serine proteinases: porcine pancreatic elastase, human granulocyte elastase, bovine trypsin, and bovine alpha-chymotrypsin. However, no inhibition was detected against papain or clostridial collagenase. The inhibitor did not cross react with antiserum to human or rat serum alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Epidermis / metabolism*
  • Protease Inhibitors / immunology
  • Protease Inhibitors / isolation & purification
  • Protease Inhibitors / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Schistosoma mansoni / enzymology*
  • Substrate Specificity

Substances

  • Protease Inhibitors