An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure antibody to Bordetella bronchiseptica in dogs. The ELISA test was more rapid and sensitive and required 50 to 150 times less antigen than the amount of antigen required for the conventional tube agglutination test. A survey of 50 canine serum samples using ELISA suggested that 8% of all sera had titers greater than 1:64, 56% had titers of 1:8 to 1:64, and 36% had titers of less than 1:8. The mean titer of survey sera was 1:46 and the median titer was 1:16. Serum antibody responses in dogs inoculated with a commercially available bacterin were compared with responses in dogs inoculated with experimental endotoxin depleted bacterin.