Plasticizer migration from polyvinyl chloride film to solvents and foods

Food Chem Toxicol. 1982 Feb;20(1):95-104. doi: 10.1016/s0278-6915(82)80016-1.


Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) films used for food wraps contain significant concentrations of plasticizers, along with other additives. The rate of migration of these plasticizers to foods and food-simulating solvents is the principal concern of this paper, which reviews prior experimental studies and presents new data for radiolabelled dioctyl adipate. Analytical models are described to correlate many of the data, criteria are presented for identifying the controlling step in the mechanism of transfer of plasticizer from PVC films into foods and food-simulating solvents, and tentative recommendations are offered for the selection of food simulants and for the type of experiment necessary to allow an unambiguous interpretation of the data.

MeSH terms

  • Diffusion
  • Food Analysis*
  • Food Contamination*
  • Oils / analysis
  • Plasticizers* / analysis
  • Polyvinyl Chloride*
  • Polyvinyls*
  • Solvents
  • Temperature


  • Oils
  • Plasticizers
  • Polyvinyls
  • Solvents
  • Polyvinyl Chloride