Chronic adult hydrocephalus due to uncommon causes

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1980;55(1-2):85-97. doi: 10.1007/BF01808923.


The authors report on four unusual cases of chronic adult hydrocephalus extracted from a large personal series of patients with hydrocephalic dementia. A syndrome resembling that of normal pressure hydrocephalus was due to the following aetiologies in these patients: Paget's disease of the skull, unruptured cerebral arteriovenous malformation, colloid cyst of the third ventricle, and cerebromeningeal cysticercosis. All these patients exhibited disturbances in cerebrospinal fluid dynamics at the time of study, and were considerably improved by CSF shunting. The value of the continuous CSF pressure monitoring and the constant infusion test in selecting patients with chronic hydrocephalus for shunt therapy is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cysticercosis / complications
  • Cysts / complications
  • Dementia / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / etiology*
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / complications
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteitis Deformans / complications