PIP: A very high rural abortion rate of 101 per 1000 women 15-44 was found in Chayapoom Province, Thailand. A closed population of rural women was interviewed to assess the health consequences of various methods of induced abortion. Indigenous abortion practitioners were also identified and interviewed to determine methods used and the size of their caseloads. Among the women sampled, 60% had massage abortions, 32% had uterine injections, and 11% took an oral abortifacient. Levels of abortion and complication rates are presented, and the economic cost of rural induced abortion discussed. Data on incidence of abortion and hospitalization are compared with national figures.