Cycloplegic refractions of premature infants

Am J Ophthalmol. 1981 Apr;91(4):490-5. doi: 10.1016/0002-9394(81)90238-5.


Cyclopentolate refractions of 146 premature infants disclosed higher incidences of myopia and anisometropia than those reported for full-term infants. Also, more than 70% of the premature infants had I diopter or more of astigmatism; 83% of the astigmatism was against-the-rule. Infants with shorter gestational periods had more severe myopia and astigmatism. Infants born very prematurely should undergo follow-up refractions to determine whether they retain refractive errors large enough to interfere with visual function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Astigmatism / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Mydriatics*
  • Refractive Errors / diagnosis*
  • Refractive Errors / physiopathology


  • Mydriatics