Applicability and interpretation of electrocardiographic stress testing in patients with peripheral vascular disease

Am J Surg. 1981 Apr;141(4):501-6. doi: 10.1016/0002-9610(81)90148-3.


Electrocardiographically monitored arterial stress testing was performed before surgery in 130 patients with peripheral vascular disease. When limitations of claudication or pain at rest precluded treadmill exercise, arm ergometry was employed. The electrocardiographically monitored arterial stress test proved a cost-effective, easily applicable means of screening for coronary artery disease in this group of patients. Unlike statistical analyses of historical risk factors, the electrocardiographically monitored arterial stress test evaluates the current functional state of the myocardium. We believe that preoperative electrocardiographic exercise testing should be employed more widely and should be considered in any patient facing major surgery in whom coronary artery disease is suspected on the basis of past history or known risk factors. In patients who have an ischemic response to exercise, particularly at less than 75 percent of the maximum predicted heart rate, coronary angiography and possibly coronary revascularization should be considered before elective major surgery is performed.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aortic Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Aortic Diseases / surgery
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / surgery
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Vessels / physiopathology
  • Electrocardiography
  • Exercise Test*
  • Female
  • Heart / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Iliac Artery* / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Preoperative Care
  • Risk