Prognostic indicators in pediatric near-drowning: the Glasgow coma scale

Crit Care Med. 1981 Jul;9(7):536-9.


The records of 101 drowning or near-drowning victims admitted to Children's Hospital of Los Angeles (CHLA) between January 1975 and June 1978 were reviewed. The admission Glasgow coma score could be assigned retrospectively to 94 patients. A low score (less than 5) predicted a high risk group of patients with 80% mortality or permanent neurological sequelae. A high score (greater than or equal to 6) defined a low risk group of patients with no deaths or severe neurological sequelae. The Glasgow coma scale may be a useful tool for predicting the outcome of near-drowning victims in the pediatric age group.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coma / diagnosis*
  • Coma / etiology
  • Drowning / complications
  • Drowning / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Prognosis