Contrast sensitivity in retinal disease

Ophthalmology. 1980 Nov;87(11):1140-9. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(80)35112-9.


Central vision in patients with retinal disorders has been studied with sinusoidal grating patterns. Impaired detection of fine high-contrast gratings has been observed in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and glaucoma despite 20/20 vision. Abnormal contrast sensitivity to coarse gratings occurred in patients with certain macular disorders and occasional glaucoma patients, some with near-normal Snellen acuity. Thus, contrast sensitivity measurements demonstrate central visual deficits not apparent with Snellen testing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Glaucoma / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Macular Degeneration / physiopathology
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Diseases / physiopathology
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / physiopathology
  • Vision Tests / instrumentation
  • Vision Tests / methods*
  • Visual Acuity*