Compatibility of azathioprine sodium with intravenous fluids

Am J Hosp Pharm. 1981 Jun;38(6):871-5.

Abstract

The effects of storage containers, diluent, temperature, and illumination on the stability and compatibility of azathioprine sodium were studied. Reconstituted solutions were stored in the manufacturer's vial and a plastic syringe. Diluted solutions were stored in mini-bags mixed with standard intravenous solutions (5% dextrose injection, 0.9% sodium chloride injection, and 0.45% sodium chloride injection). Samples were stored at 4 degrees C in the dark and at 23 degrees C under constant illumination. Samples containing an internal standard, 6-methylmercaptopurine, were assayed by ion exchange chromatography at 0, 8, and 16 days. Accelerated decomposition studies at 70 degrees C also were performed to determine the chromatographic method's capability for separating azathioprine from its breakdown products. No solutions or admixtures differed significantly (p greater than 0.13) from initial concentrations after 16 days at 23 degrees C under constant illumination. Mixture with 5% dextrose injection caused precipitation by day 16. Azathioprine sodium reconstituted and stored in the manufacturer's vial or a plastic syringe at 4 degrees C formed a precipitate by day 4. Sterility is the limiting factor determining suitability for use of azathioprine solutions kept less than four days.

MeSH terms

  • Azathioprine*
  • Drug Incompatibility
  • Drug Stability
  • Drug Storage
  • Injections
  • Solutions
  • Temperature

Substances

  • Solutions
  • Azathioprine