Effects of metabolic inhibitors on cel lethality and mutation induction in Chinese hamster cells. II. The effect of posttreatment with non-toxic concentrations of thymidine

Chem Biol Interact. 1981 Jul;36(1):89-106. doi: 10.1016/0009-2797(81)90031-4.


The ability of posttreatment exposure to non-toxic concentrations of thymidine (TdR) to enhance the lethal effects of a number of alkylating agents, X-rays and UV and the lethal and mutagenic effects of N'-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) has been examined in V79 cell lines. TdR posttreatment enhanced the cytotoxic effects of ethyl methanesulphonate (EMS), MNU and ENU but not of UV or X-rays and increased both the spontaneous and MNU- and ENU-induced frequencies of azaguanine resistant (AZR) mutants. No significant effect of TdR on the spontaneous frequency of thioguanine resistant (TGR) mutants was demonstrated but the frequency of MNU-induced mutants to TGR premutagenic was enhanced. The effects on expression of both potentially lethal and premutagenic damage were reversed by addition of an equimolar concentration of deoxycytidine (dCdR). The enhancement in spontaneous and induced mutant frequency (IMF) at the HGPRT locus appears to be due to an alteration in the selective efficiency of urine analogous due to alteration in growth kinetics of cells exposed to TdR or treated with alkylated agents or posttreated with thymidine after alkylation damage and not to an alteration in the miscoding potential of alkylated bases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Azaguanine / toxicity
  • Cell Line
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Deoxycytidine / pharmacology
  • Ethylnitrosourea / toxicity
  • Lung / drug effects
  • Methylnitrosourea / toxicity
  • Mutation*
  • Thioguanine / toxicity
  • Thymidine / toxicity*
  • Ultraviolet Rays


  • Deoxycytidine
  • Methylnitrosourea
  • Thioguanine
  • Ethylnitrosourea
  • Azaguanine
  • Thymidine