Langerhans cell function dictates induction of contact hypersensitivity or unresponsiveness to DNFB in Syrian hamsters

J Invest Dermatol. 1981 Sep;77(3):272-7. doi: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12482453.

Abstract

The relationship between distribution and function of Langerhans cells within the epidermis and the capacity of cutaneous surfaces to promote the induction of contact hypersensitivity to DNFB have been examined in inbred Syrian hamsters. In a manner very similar to previous findings in mice, the results indicate that hamster cutaneous surfaces deficient in normally functioning Langerhans cells, naturally (cheek pouch epithelium) or artificially (after perturbation with ultraviolet light), are inefficient at promoting DNFB sensitization. Instead, DNFB applied to these regions of skin results in the induction of a state of specific unresponsiveness. Viable lymphoid cells from unresponsive hamsters can transfer the unresponsiveness to naive hamsters suggesting that active suppression is at least partly responsible, probably mediated by T lymphocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen
  • Animals
  • Cheek / cytology
  • Cricetinae
  • Dinitrofluorobenzene / immunology*
  • Ear
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed / chemically induced
  • Hypersensitivity, Delayed / immunology*
  • Immunization
  • Immunization, Passive
  • Langerhans Cells / immunology*
  • Langerhans Cells / radiation effects
  • Mesocricetus
  • Nitrobenzenes / immunology*
  • Skin / cytology
  • Skin / radiation effects

Substances

  • Nitrobenzenes
  • Dinitrofluorobenzene