Monophenolic 2-(dipropylamino)indans and related compounds: central dopamine-receptor stimulating activity

J Med Chem. 1981 Apr;24(4):429-34. doi: 10.1021/jm00136a012.


Monophenolic (2-(dipropylamino)indans and related compounds have been synthesized and tested for central dopamine-receptor stimulating activity, using biochemical and behavioral tests in rats and emesis tests in dogs. The active compounds possess similar relative potencies in eliciting the three different dopamine-receptor mediated effects measured. 4-Hydroxy-2-(dipropylamino)indan was the most potent of the new compounds. The corresponding 5-hydroxy analogue was less active. 4-Hydroxy-2-[(dipropylamino)methyl]indan is a new type of dopaminergic agent with a phenylpropylamine moiety in its framework instead of the phenylethylamine structure, common to most dopamine-receptor agonists. This compound was 10-20 times less active than apomorphine. 6,7,8,9-Tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-5H-6-benzocycloheptenylamine and 5-hydroxy-2-[(dipropylamino)methyl]tetralin were both inactive. Since the intramolecular distances between functional groups in the indans studied here are different from those in, for example, apomorphine, it is concluded that a certain variation of these distances can be accepted by the receptor. It could also be demonstrated that the position of the OH group on the aromatic ring is of importance for the activity and that emetic activity may be associated with dopaminergic agonists of the indan as well as of the tetralin type of structure.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects
  • Brain / drug effects*
  • Central Nervous System Agents / chemical synthesis
  • Central Nervous System Agents / pharmacology*
  • Dogs
  • Emetics / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Indans / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Indans / pharmacology*
  • Indenes / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Phenols / chemical synthesis
  • Phenols / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Dopamine / drug effects*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Emetics
  • Indans
  • Indenes
  • Phenols
  • Receptors, Dopamine