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, 216 (1), 9-20

Myotonia Not Aggravated by Cooling. Force and Relaxation of the Adductor Pollicis in Normal Subjects and in Myotonia as Compared to Paramyotonia

Myotonia Not Aggravated by Cooling. Force and Relaxation of the Adductor Pollicis in Normal Subjects and in Myotonia as Compared to Paramyotonia

K Ricker et al. J Neurol.

Abstract

The effect of local cooling has been studied in 27 normal subjects, 8 cases of myotonia congenita, 5 of myotonic dystrophy and one of paramyotonia. Using the adductor pollicis we registered the compound muscle action potential, the isometric twitch force and the time to half relaxation, the maximum tetanic force and to time 3/4 relaxation. 1. In normal subjects the twitch force and maximum tetanic force decreased after cooling (Fig. 2). The amplitude of the action potential increased. 2. Myotonia congenita and myotonic dystrophy were not aggravated by cooling. Muscle force was reduced only in the same proportion as in normal subjects (Fig. 2). The myotonic after-contraction was made normal by cooling (Figs. 5 and 6). 3. In paramyotonia initial tonic stiffness with a pronouncedly prolonged twitch relaxation occured directly after cooling (Fig. 1 B). Paradoxical myotonia occured only after exercise and was accompained by increasing paresis (Figs. 3 and 8). The results indicate that exposure to cold has a specific effect on muscle function only in paramyotonia.

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