Asymptomatic hypoglycemia was demonstrated in 15 of 30 cirrhotic patients with septicemia. Blood glucose levels were measured daily in these patients. Severe circulatory failure was present in the 15 patients with hypoglycemia and was absent in the 15 patients with normal blood glucose levels. Hypoglycemia is a common complication of septic shock in patients with cirrhosis, and blood glucose levels should be systematically measured in cirrhotic patients with septicemia or shock. Septicemia should be considered in any cirrhosis patient with a low blood glucose level.