Methylenedioxyamphetamine. Clinical description of overdose, death, and review of pharmacology

Arch Intern Med. 1981 Oct;141(11):1507-9. doi: 10.1001/archinte.141.11.1507.


Methylenedioxyamphetamine is a commonly used "street drug", with a reputation of providing a "good trip". The drug is structurally similar to both mescaline and amphetamine. The following symptoms were found in a patient: sympathomimetic effects, coma, seizures, hyperreflexia, and hyperthermia. The patient's condition was initially stabilized and then deteriorated with uncontrollable hyperthermia, hematologic abnormalities, and coma that culminated in death. Since the hyperthermia is based on both central and peripheral mechanisms, phentolamine (Regitine) mesylate may be the preferred drug to be used in the treatment of future cases. The concept that this drug is primarily a hallucinogen with mild toxicity is erroneous.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine / pharmacology
  • 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine / poisoning*
  • Adult
  • Amphetamines / poisoning*
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Lethal Dose 50
  • Male


  • Amphetamines
  • 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine