Renovascular hypertension: anatomic and renal function changes during drug therapy

Arch Surg. 1981 Nov;116(11):1408-15. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.1981.01380230032005.


Serial renal function studies were performed on 41 patients wtih renovascular hypertension (RVH) secondary to atherosclerotic renal artery disease who had been randomly selected for nonoperative management. In 19 patients, serum creatinine levels increased between 25% and 120%. The glomerular filtration rates dropped between 25% and 50% in 12 patients. Fourteen patients (37%) lost more than 10% of renal length. In four patients (12%), a significant stenosis progressed to total occlusion. Seventeen patients (41%) had deterioration of renal function or loss of renal size that led to operation. One patient required removal of a previously reconstructible kidney. Of the 17 patients with deterioration, 15 had acceptable blood pressure (BP) control during the period of nonoperative observation. Progressive deterioration of renal function in nonoperatively treated patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis and RVH is common, and occurs even in the presence of BP control with drugs.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arteriosclerosis / complications
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Renal / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension, Renovascular / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension, Renovascular / etiology
  • Hypertension, Renovascular / pathology
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radiography
  • Random Allocation
  • Renal Artery / diagnostic imaging*


  • Creatinine