Effects of hyperthermia and radiation on mouse testis stem cells

Cancer Res. 1981 Nov;41(11 Pt 1):4453-7.

Abstract

The response of mouse testis stem cells to hyperthermia and combined hyperthermia-radiation treatments was assayed by spermatogenic colony regrowth, sperm head counts, testis weight loss, and fertility. With the use of spermatogenic colony assay, thermal enhancement ratios at an isosurvival level of 0.1 were 1.27 at 41 degrees, 1.80 at 42 degrees, and 3.97 at 43 degrees for testes exposed to heat for 30 min prior to irradiation. Sperm head counts were reduced by heat alone from a surviving fraction of 0.58 at 41 degrees to 0.003 at 42.5-43.5 degrees. Curves for sperm head survival measured 56 days after the testes had been heated for 30 min prior to irradiation were biphasic and showed a progressive downward displacement to lower survival with increasing temperature. The 41, 42, and 43 degrees curves were displaced downward by factors of 2, 58, and 175, respectively. The proportion of animals remaining sterile after 30 min of heat (41-43 degrees) and the median sterility period in days increased with increasing temperature. The minimum sperm count necessary to regain fertility was 13% of the normal mouse level.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects
  • Cesium Radioisotopes
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Hot Temperature* / adverse effects
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Organ Size
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Sperm Count
  • Spermatogenesis / radiation effects*
  • Testis / pathology
  • Testis / physiology
  • Testis / radiation effects*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Cesium Radioisotopes