Bile acid kinetics in relation to endogenous tryglyceride metabolism in various types of hyperlipoproteinemia

J Lipid Res. 1978 Nov;19(8):1004-16.


Bile acid and plasma endogenous triglyceride kinetics were determined under standardized dietary conditions in 47 hyperlipidemic subjects with the aid of [14C]cholic acid, [14C]chenodeoxycholic acid, and [3H]glycerol, respectively. On the basis of their lipoprotein pattern the patients were separated into three groups characterized by hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) type IIa (n = 19), type IIb (n = 6), and type IV (n = 22). In keeping with previous reports from this laboratory the total bile acid formation reports from this laboratory the total bile acid formation in HLP type IV (19.5 +/- 2.2) mumol kg-1d-1, mean +/- SEM) exceeded that encountered in type IIa (10.7 +/- 0.9 mumol kg-1d-1, P less than 0.005). This difference was mainly due to an increased synthesis of cholic acid in type IV HLP (12.7 +/- 1.7 mumol kg-1d-1 vs. 6.1 +/- 0.5 mumol kg-1d-1, P less than 0.005). Bile acid formation in type IIb HLP was essentially within the limits recorded for type IIa. Apparent plasma triglyceride formation (as calculated from the 10-hr radioactivity decay curve) averaged 10.5 +/- 0.7 mumol kg-1hr-1 in type IIa HLP and was significantly higher in type IIb (20.7 +/- 1.9 mumol kg-1hr-1, P less than 0.001) and in type IV (22.1 +/- 1.4 mumol kg-1hr-1, P less than 0.001). The apparent fractional turnover rate of plasma triglyceride in type IV HLP (0.147 +/- 0.011 hr-1) was lower than that encountered in type IIa (0.188 +/- 0.008, P less than 0.01) and in type IIb (0.177 +/- 0.011 hr-1). The apparent production of plasma triglycerides and the formation of cholic acid correlated in type IIa (r = +0.69, P less than 0.001) and in type IV HLP (r = +0.70, P less than 0.001). A similar pattern was seen for total bile acid formation, while chenodeoxycholic acid showed a correlation to apparent triglyceride synthesis only in type IV HLP. It is suggested that an increased formation of plasma triglycerides--monitoring very low density lipoprotein synthesis--is linked to an enhanced degradation of cholesterol to bile acids and that there is an integrated regulation of the metabolism of these two parameters.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bile / metabolism*
  • Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism*
  • Chenodeoxycholic Acid / biosynthesis
  • Cholic Acids / biosynthesis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • Triglycerides / metabolism*


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Cholic Acids
  • Triglycerides
  • Chenodeoxycholic Acid