Changes in tension of spiral strips of saphenous, femoral and external carotid arteries and veins were measured isometrically. DEM stimulated 6 preparations in almost the same concentration ranges (pD2 values were 8.64 to 8.40). However, the dose-response curves for DEM indicted variations in responsiveness among the different arteries and veins. Compared with norepinephrine (NE) (1)( the intrinsic activity of DEM was 0.002 on saphenous arteries, 0.05 on saphenous veins, 0.03 on femoral arteries, 0.18 on femoral veins, 0.13 on external carotid arteries and 0.13 on external carotid jugular veins. Thus DEM contracted more potently the venous strips from the hind limbs. IN femoral and external carotid arteries, antagonism of serotonin by DEM or methysergide was investigated. DEM displaced the dose-contractile response curves for serotonin in a noncompetitive manner, and the antagonistic response of DEM to serotonin was about 8 times more effective in external carotid arteries (pD'2 value=6.96) than in femoral arteries (pD'2 value=6.05). Methysergide, unlike DEM, antagonized the response to serotonin in a competitive manner at low doses but in a noncompetitive manner in high doses, and was fairly equal in antagonizing response to serotonin in external carotid arteries (pA2 value=that the therapeutic value of DEM in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension is due to its selective anti-serotonin activity on the external carotid arteries.