Baseline and sodium arsenite-induced sister chromatid exchanges in cultured lymphocytes from patients with Blackfoot disease and healthy persons

Hum Genet. 1981;59(3):201-3. doi: 10.1007/BF00283663.


A significantly higher frequency of baseline sister chromatid exchange (SCE) was found in the cultured lymphocytes of 13 Blackfoot disease patients (BFP) in comparison with that of healthy persons (HP). Twelve of these BFP consumed well water containing a high concentration of arsenic for 15 years or longer and had switched to drinking tap water 12 years before the time of this study. Sodium arsenite was found to be effective in increasing the SCE frequency and delaying the cell growth of the lymphocytes from both BFP and HP. However, the SCE increment induced by sodium arsenite as well as the progression of the cell divisions in the cultured lymphocytes showed no significant difference between BFP and HP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arsenates / pharmacology
  • Arsenic Poisoning*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Crossing Over, Genetic* / drug effects
  • Gangrene / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes / ultrastructure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sister Chromatid Exchange* / drug effects


  • Arsenates