[Personality types in endogenous and non-endogenous depression]

Ann Med Psychol (Paris). 1981 Dec;139(10):1061-75.
[Article in French]


The post depressive personality of three groups of previously depressed patients (19 bipolar endogenous, 95 unipolar endogenous, 58 non endogenous) and of a control group of 33 normal subjects was examined. The contaminating influence of the residual depressive symptomatology on the personality measures, when present, was eliminated. Using uni- and multivariate procedures, the existence of statistically significant inter-group differences was demonstrated. The results contradict some previous assertions. "Neuroticism' is significantly higher in the three groups of depressive as in the control group. In addition, the non endogenous are high on "autonomy' and "aggression', the unipolar endogenous are low on "autonomy', and the bipolar endogenous are high on "hypomanic drive towards success and performance', and on 'obsessional trends and aggression.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aggression / psychology
  • Bipolar Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Neurotic Disorders / psychology
  • Obsessive Behavior / psychology
  • Personality Tests
  • Personality*