Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (D-glucose-6-phosphate:NADPH+ 1-oxidoreductase, EC 220.127.116.11) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-phospho-D-gluconate:NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1943) have been purified from methanol-grown Pseudomonas C. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase exhibits activity with either NADP+ or NAD+ as coenzymes, V NADP+ = 0.96 V NAD+.Km values of 22, 290, and 250 microns are obtained for NADP+, NAD+ and glucose 6-phosphate (NADP+ as the coenzyme), respectively. ATP inhibits Glc-6P dehydrogenase activity with NAD+ as coenzyme and to a less extent the activity with DANP+. In the presence of MgCl2, ATP inhibition of Blc-6P dehydrogeanse activity is abolished. 6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase has a dual specificity for both NADP+ or NAD+ as coenzymes, V NADP+ = 1.66 V NAD+.Km values of 20, 500 and 100 microns are obtained for NADP+, NAD+ and 6-phosphogluconate (NADP+ as the coenzyme), respectively. With NAD+ as the coenzyme ATP inhibits 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogeanse activity, while with NADP+ as the coenzyme, activity was less affected. The possible role of these enzymes in the metabolism of one-carbon (C1)-compounds in Pseudomonas C is discussed and compared with other methylotrophic microorganisms.