A 63 year old women was hospitalized with massive hemoptysis, anemia and renal failure. Despite intensive supportive care, she died soon after admission. Autopsy revealed diffuse necrotizing alveolitis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and a systemic vasculitis. Massive intrapulmonary hemorrhage with hemoptysis is an unusual complication of a systemic vasculitis. The case is discussed and the literature reviewed.