Ocular hazards during birth

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. Jan-Feb 1980;17(1):14-6.

Abstract

In a study of over 2,000 consecutive live births, 243 newborns (12%) suffered birth trauma to the eye and its adnexa. Two hundred twenty-one cases (11%) had multiple retinal hemorrhages. Severe ocular accidents by forceps delivery were seen in the form of hyphema, Purtscher's retinopathy, corneal edema, facial palsy, and corneal abscess. Purtscher's retinopathy and corneal abscess are rare birth injuries that have not been reported so far in newborn babies.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abscess / etiology
  • Birth Injuries / complications*
  • Corneal Diseases / etiology
  • Delivery, Obstetric / instrumentation
  • Edema / etiology
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Eye Injuries / complications*
  • Eye Injuries / etiology
  • Facial Paralysis / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyphema / etiology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology
  • Retinal Hemorrhage / etiology