Biomechanics of knee rehabilitation with cycling

Am J Sports Med. 1980 May-Jun;8(3):175-80. doi: 10.1177/036354658000800306.


The bicycle provides quadriceps rehabilitation while controlling the stresses to the knee ligaments. With pedaling on the bicycle, forces are applied to the anterior cruciate ligament, the capsular ligaments, and the posterior structures of the knee joint as the tibial plateau is posteriorly tilted. The knee muscles can modify their forces. Therefore, by controlling the mode of cycling with varying seat heights and pedal positions, the ligaments can be relieved from these forces during the initial stages of the rehabilitative process. An exercise program can then be designed to apply controlled stress to these structures to enhance the healing and recovery processes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena*
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Femur / physiology
  • Humans
  • Knee / physiology*
  • Knee Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Male
  • Muscles / physiology
  • Tibia / physiology