The sialidoses are a group of storage disorders of autosomal recessive inheritance in which there is a deficiency of lysosomal neuraminidase (sialidase) activity and associated sialyloligosacchariduria. Patients with one type of sialidosis may present initially to the ophthalmologist because of a cherry-red spot at the macula. In most of these patients progressive neurologic deficits ultimately develop; myoclonus is a prominent feature. A patient with the so-called cherry-red spot--myoclonus syndrome is described who had a marked deficit of the ocular smooth pursuit system, with consequent nystagmus. His visual system was normal clinically and electrophysiologically despite the obvious storage in the retinal ganglion cells.