Cortical bone density of adult lacto-ovo-vegetarian and omnivorous women

J Am Diet Assoc. 1980 Feb;76(2):148-51.

Abstract

Lacto-ovo-vegetarian women fifty to eighty-nine years of age lost 18 per cent bone mineral mass while omnivorous women lost 35 per cent. This study established that this difference could not be explained by a greater bone density in the lacto-ovo-vegetarians during the third, fourth, and fifth decades of life. The possibility of higher sulfur content in the meat-containing diet, the effect of excess phosphorus, and the effect of an acid-ash diet are discussed. From the standpoint of a general survey, comsumption of calcium-containing foods was not appreciably different in the two groups. It is, therefore, concluded that lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet may be beneficial in extended protective health care in terms of defense against, or control of, bone mineral loss in the later years of a woman's life.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Anthropometry
  • Bone and Bones / analysis*
  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Diet*
  • Diet, Vegetarian*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Meat
  • Middle Aged
  • Minerals / analysis*

Substances

  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Minerals