Regulation of calcium homeostasis in the heart by taurine

Fed Proc. 1980 Jul;39(9):2691-4.


The role of taurine in maintaining calcium and potassium homeostasis in excitable tissues is discussed. These effects of taurine appear to be related to its interaction with a low affinity binding protein of the cell membrane. This conclusion is based on the observation that the sulfinic acid analog of taurine, hypotaurine, also interacts with this protein and mimics these actions of taurine, whereas two other analogs, beta-alanine and isethionic acid, have little affinity for the binding protein and fail to exhibit taurine-like activity. The possibility that a relationship exists between the low affinity protein and sarcolemmal calcium pools is considered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Homeostasis
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Potassium / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Sarcolemma / metabolism
  • Swine
  • Taurine / analogs & derivatives
  • Taurine / pharmacology
  • Taurine / physiology*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Taurine
  • Potassium
  • Calcium