Failure of daily lumbar punctures to prevent the development of hydrocephalus following intraventricular hemorrhage

J Pediatr. 1980 Aug;97(2):278-81. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(80)80495-1.


A prospective study of 48 infants with periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage was carried out to evaluate the role of daily lumbar punctures, instituted from the time of diagnosis of the hemorrhage, in prevention of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus and improvement in immediate outcome. The data lead to the following conclusions: (1) minor hemorrhage (Grade I) is associated with minimal risk of death or hydrocephalus; (2) moderate hemorrhage (Grade II) is associated with low risk of death and intermediate risk of hydrocephalus, and serial lumbar punctures do not reduce these risks; and (3) severe hemorrhage (Grade III) is associated with high risks of death or hydrocephalus or both, and serial lumbar punctures also do not reduce these risks.

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnostic imaging
  • Hydrocephalus / etiology
  • Hydrocephalus / prevention & control*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Spinal Puncture*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed