Predicting the luteinizing hormone surge: relationship between the duration of the follicular and luteal phases and the length of the human menstrual cycle

Fertil Steril. 1980 Aug;34(2):125-30. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(16)44894-6.


Determination of blood serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) are used to detect the day of the midcycle surge. This information, collected over several menstrual cycles of numerous women, is used to derive mathematical expressions relating the day of the surge to the length of the cycle. The equations are subsequently employed to predict the most likely day of the LH surge, and hence the time of ovulation, solely from knowledge of the average length and variability of a woman's cycles, without the need for determinations of LH. A convenient table is provided for making this prediction.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Female
  • Follicular Phase*
  • Humans
  • Luteal Phase*
  • Luteinizing Hormone / blood*
  • Menstruation*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Time Factors


  • Luteinizing Hormone