The Relative Predictive Validity of Subtle vs. Obvious Items on the MMPI Depression Scale

J Clin Psychol. 1980 Jul;36(3):748-51. doi: 10.1002/1097-4679(198007)36:3<748::aid-jclp2270360325>;2-4.


To assess the relative predictive validity of subtle and obvious items on the MMPI Depression scale, obvious, neutral, and subtle subscales were formed and used to predict several criterion measures of depression; these included the Beck Depression Inventory, the Depression subscale of the Profile of Mood States, and the Pleasant Events Schedule (N = 209). In general, obvious items were good predictors of all criteria, neutral items overlapped considerably with obvious items, and subtle items generally did not contribute uniquely to the prediction of any of the concurrent measures of depression.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • MMPI*
  • Male
  • Psychometrics