Characteristics of respondents and non-respondents to a mailed questionnaire

Am J Public Health. 1980 Aug;70(8):823-5. doi: 10.2105/ajph.70.8.823.


In establishing a cohort of U.S. nurses, an assessment of response bias was made comparing respondents and non-respondents with regard to age, education, state of residence, employment status, field of employment, and major specialty. Overall, the 122,328 respondents (69.7 per cent) and 43,222 non-respondents were quite similar. Together with the reasonable response rate in a homogeneous population, this suggests that estimation of exposure-disease associations is unlikely to be affected by major bias due to non-response.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Behavior
  • Demography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Nurses / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • United States