Pharmacokinetic interpretation of plasma cortisol and cortisone concentrations following a signle oral administration of cortisone acetate to human subjects

J Clin Pharmacol. 1980 Jul;20(7):428-36. doi: 10.1002/j.1552-4604.1980.tb01715.x.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetic and biopharmaceutic profiles of a single dose of oral cortisone acetate were developed for 23 healthy normal adult volunteers using cortisone and cortisol plasma concentration data. Cortisone acetate was rapidly absorbed and converted to the therapeutic moiety cortisol. There was a linear increase in plasma concentrations and, therefore, areas under plasma concentration-time curves with increasing doses of 5, 10, and 25 mg. Twenty-five-mg doses given as 1 x 25 mg or 5 x 5 mg were found to be bioequivalent. The increased efficacy of oral over intramuscular cortisone acetate can be attributed to the increased conversion to cortisol as a result of first-pass metabolism following oral dosing.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cortisone / administration & dosage
  • Cortisone / blood*
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood*
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Kinetics
  • Middle Aged
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Dexamethasone
  • Cortisone
  • Hydrocortisone